What Does Science Say About The Paleo Diet

In recent years a revolutionary diet has emerged that aims to return us to the origins of human beings. It is the Paleo diet, also known as the diet of the age of the caverns, a time when the first men were hunter-gatherers and were totally connected with nature.

What is the paleo diet?

Obesity, heart disease and diabetes: These are just a few of the health conditions that advocates of the Palaeolithic diet, or caveman diet, blame our sedentary lifestyle and modern diets, which are full of sugar, fat and processed foods. Your proposed solution? Eliminate modern foods from our diet and return to the way our hunter-gatherer ancestors ate.

To begin with, to be and stay healthy on the Paleo diet, you will need to exercise regularly while following a strict diet composed only of foods that can be hunted and harvested. In its purest form, the paleo diet allows you to eat only those foods that humans ate when they first roamed the planet millions of years ago. The Paleo diet can improve your health by eliminating high-fat and processed foods that have little nutritional value and too many calories. This plan emphasizes the load of fruits and vegetables that are packed with healthy vitamins, minerals and fiber, which fill you up faster so you eat less, helping to slow weight gain.

So what does science say about the paleo diet?

Some research suggests that health claims hold the truth. One review looked at four randomised controlled trials with 159 participants, and the researchers found that the paleo diet led to more short-term improvements in some risk factors for chronic disease (including waist circumference and fasting blood sugar) compared to other control diets.

Still, many scientists have expressed concern that we do not yet have enough evidence to make strong claims about the health benefits of the paleo diet, especially its long-term effects.┬áThis diet has its advocates and detractors, although most specialists think it’s a good starting point for keeping you thin, strong and energetic whenever you run away from dogmatisms. The Paleo diet is based on eating fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, fish and seafood, lean meats and healthy fats. The foods to avoid are dairy products, legumes, cereals, processed foods, sugars, starches and alcohol.

People on this diet say they avoid peaks of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia (reducing the risk of diabetes), avoid auto-immune diseases, are less likely to suffer cardiovascular problems, lose weight, are satiated by eating less, sleep better, reduce inflammation (with and without injury) and improve the condition of their skin. All this thanks to the intake of fewer chemicals, sugars, harmful fats and salts.

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